Mount Damāvand (In Persian: دماوند) also known as Donbavand, a dormant volcano, is the highest point in Iran (Persia). The mountain is located near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, 70 km (45 mi) northeast of Tehran. It is clearly visible from Tehran.
Weather condition in mount Damavand is harsh and severe in winter time. Since the middle of October we expect snow fall in high altitudes, which means the condition is considered like winter. From the end of December till next May there is usually enough snow for skiing, but March to mid-April is the best time of the year for having enough snow. We recommend you to be informed of the snow condition in the region, before leaving for a ski touring trip to Damavand.
South Routes Physical difficulty
Alpine style trekking up to 1400 m vertical in a day. Climbs involving 1400 m+ of vertical climbing above 4000 meters. The south route is famous for its non-technical mild slopes, ascend to the peak is technically easy but physically moderate and this level demand that you should be fit enough and really in good shape, the main challenge is acclimatization and weather. There is 5 to 8 hours day-trek with big ascents and 3 to 4 hours descents. Preliminary trekking/mountaineering experience is a big advantage.
Changing weather conditions even in the middle of summer play an important role when trekking. In summer trekking, Damavand difficulty and climbing grade is similar to Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mt Everest Base Camp in the Himalayan, but in winter condition it is a complete different story and it can be compared to a 7000 meters summit. Keep in mind that even in summer a successful climb is possible only in a good weather and correct timing. Off-season mountaineering specially in bad weather is very hard and dangerous.